Warning Signs in Farming

The extent and popularity of farming may project it as a safe occupation but this is not so. In fact, farming is quite a dangerous occupation that accounts for nearly 19% fatal injuries across the nation each year although only 1.8% of the population is engaged in such activities. The most common types of farm injuries or accidents are related to machineries and vehicles used; fall from height; handling hazardous substances and interaction with animals.

However, you can certainly minimize the chances of such injuries and accidents around your farm by installing the right type of farm warning signs at appropriate places. Doing so can help you to significantly reduce risk for your own self, your workers and the public at large.

Interaction with Animals

Animals are an integral part of your farm and handling them safely should be your top priority. Most injuries caused to human beings from animals occur while handling them or interacting with them while moving around the farm. Suitable signs placed at appropriate positions can forewarn you, your family members or the general public about the presence of farm animals nearby.

People can then be on their lookout and take the necessary precautions so that they don’t encounter a particularly angry bull all of a sudden. Typical warning signages used in farming include Beware of Animals; CAUTION: Farm Animals; Beware of the Bull or DANGER: Guard Dogs (if you do have dogs that run around your farm).

Dealing with Farm Machineries

Advanced farming depends on myriad machines most of which are found at large scale farms. The tractor, baler, combine harvester, mower, row planter, seed drill, sprayer etc are all useful machines without which your farm work will be severely hampered.

However, using such machines extensively in your regular work is extremely dangerous as a moment’s distraction can prove to be fatal. Often, people moving around the farm are also not aware of the presence of such hazardous machines and trip on them leading to injuries.

Putting up signs at places where machineries are used or kept can help you to reduce such injuries in your farm. Typical farm warning signs for machineries include CAUTION: Farm Machinery Working in This Area, SLOW: Farm Machinery and CAUTION: Farm Machinery.

Handling Hazardous Substances

Working in a farm exposes you, your workers and family members to a host of hazardous chemicals on a daily basis. As part of your regular work, you will come in contact with disinfectants, chemical fertilizers such as ammonium nitrate, veterinary medicines, pesticides, detergents and so on.

Putting up appropriate signs can make people aware of the presence of such hazardous chemicals in their vicinity and take necessary precautions. Typical signs include DANGER: HAZARDOUS CHECMICALS; CAUTION: CHEMICAL STORAGE ONLY: No Food or Drink in this Unit; WARNING PESTICIDES; Fire Will Cause Toxic Fumes, WARNING: HAZARDOUS MATERIALS STORAGE AREA, WARNING: HAZARDOUS WASTE etc.

General Signs

Farms are quite expansive and some of them have important roads adjacent to them or right of way through them. In such cases, there will a lot of uncontrolled movement around the farm which can be dangerous both for the farm workers and for the general public. Warning signs appropriate for such situations include DRIVE SLOWLY FARMYARD; FARM AHEAD; PRIVATE FARM KEEP OFF; CONCEALED FARM ENTRANCE etc.

Evacuation Plans For A Fire In A Zoo


A zoo, commonly known as zoological garden or zoological park (sometimes called menagerie) is a facility where animals of all kinds are confined within a given enclosures and they are kept for exhibition to the public. In this regard, if you are on holidays, you can visit the nearest Zoo and spend your leisure time enjoying the beauty of wildlife. Unfortunately, there are some instances when your holiday in the Zoo is cut short by the occurrence of flames and fire! In that case, what are you supposed to do? In other words, what are the evacuation plans for a fire in a Zoo?

Well, if the unfortunate happens, you have to save both your life and that of the animals in the garden. In this regard, the following are some of the standards and acceptable evacuation plans that have to be followed any other time whenever a fire strikes a Zoo:

1. Raise an alarm

As soon as signs of fire is realised in a Zoo, an alarm should be raised immediately to alert all the people of the incoming danger.

2. Get people out of the Zoo

As a matter of fact, the first thing is to get people out of the Zoo. Ideally, every place where the public is supposed to visit must have a fire assemble ground. Therefore, as soon as a fire alarm is raised at the Zoo, people are advised to assemble in the respective fire assembly grounds. From there, head count follows and whoever is missing is traced immediately. If there is anybody who is injured, then first aid is administered as soon as possible. Thereafter, people should be moved out of the fire-risk place to safer grounds for more directions.

3. Moving the animals into other places which are safe

The next evacuation plan in case of a fire outbreak in a Zoo is to save the animals. Ideally, a well-designed Zoo has other safe shelters in the Zoo ground that is reserved for emergency cases. However, evacuating animals could be a challenge because some of them are incredibly dangerous and incredibly stressful to move. For instance, it is not easy to try to load a giraffe onto a trailer since it could panic and even cause severe injuries to itself that can lead to death. Nevertheless, some Zoos have planned well for such circumstances by making sure that it has the required structures on the ground such as the lion’s tunnel, the giraffe’s barn, and so on.

4. Save properties

As soon as people and animals are in a safer ground, then the next step is to save properties. In a Zoo, there must a team of well-trained firefighters who are ready to quickly respond to the fire outbreak anywhere at any time. In this regard, the fire-rescue team should have the right fire fighting equipment to be in a better position to contain the fire. If the team manages to put off the fire, then properties will be saved as well.


From the above overview of evacuation procedure, it is advisable for the public to be conversant with such plans and aware of the mandatory signs to stay safe whenever there is a fire outbreak in a Zoo. Otherwise, life and properties will be lost if the above plans are not followed.

Importance Of Supermarket Fire Exit Signs

Supermarket fire exit signs are one of the most important types of signs in this premises. Imagine you are in the supermarket and it catches fire or the alarm goes off. You are probably going to start panicking in cold sweat as you try to figure out your way out from the building. If such a thing happens, the arrows on the signs will tell you where to go instead of panicking and going somewhere else you should not go.

Without them in the supermarket, the risk of danger would be considerably higher. Chances are that you will end up taking a wrong path that would lead you to a dead-end. You may even start running around the supermarket in panic if you do not see a sign pointing towards safety. The risk on your life would be much higher. You might easily get trapped inside the supermarket, or you may end up in a different corridor that does not lead out of the building.

The UK has very strict fire regulations. It is mandatory for all types of buildings, including supermarkets, to have fire exits signs. Some people usually take the extra precaution of including fire arrow signs in the signs which easily lead people to the exit door. This signs should be hanged carefully. Special attention needs to be paid to their height to make sure that they are very visible to everyone that is in the supermarket.

In the UK, it is mandatory for every supermarket to have them that are visible and can be easily found. The signs should have the words “fire exit” as well as the fire symbol on them. It is illegal to display signs that only have the words without the symbol on them. Photo luminescent signs should be used if the supermarket does not have their emergency lighting installed.

There are cases where the fire exit signs usually become invisible or forgotten by employees who work in the supermarkets. They slowly start blending in and eventually become unnoticed. Some of them end up obstructing them with items such as boxes, garbage containers and other items that can slow down the progression of getting to safety from the supermarket in the event of an emergency.

It is important to make sure that the hallway, stairwell or ramp that leads to the exits in the supermarket stays clear and accessible all the time. If these areas are blocked, there would be little time to remove the obstructions so as to get to safety, especially if the items are so large and need to be moved by more than one person. These obstructions could also lead to potentially greater hazards should someone trip and get injured when they are running to safety.

Supermarket fire exit signs are a very important safety precaution since they can save lives if a fire emergency occurs. It is very important that they are displayed in the supermarket in such a manner that everyone can see and understand them.

Flat Roofs and Hail Damage

Flat roofs are often the most susceptible to hail damage. In fact most types of flat roof do not even come with a hail rating. This either means that the material has not been tested, or that it wont hold up long under hail storms. This does not mean that there aren’t flat systems that hold up admirably.

To show the differences in roofing materials, I am going to compare three common flat roof systems. One is rubber roofing. This stuff is usually around a half inch or more thick and instead of being adhered to the roof, it is mechanically fastened with screws. This requires a further layer of insulation to complete the roof system. My Denver roofing company found hundreds of large diameter hail impacts because of the soft rubber material in one example. However, there were no leaks on this building.

PVC roofs do not hold up as well from hailstorms because they are so brittle. You actually want a slightly flexible material if that material is not very strong. In once case, our roofing contractors in Denver found impacts that looked like shattered glass. Hail can go right through thin PVC. This immediately causes leaks and water damage. So make sure you use thick, impact resistant PVC in hail regions.

Rubberized asphalt is a construction system that performs well under hail conditions. Rubber is mixed in with the asphalt to increase the life and elasticity of asphalt. Asphalt’s main weakness is that it dries and cracks over time, so this attempts to combat this. It will not completely protect underlying fiber glass roofing, mainly because of how thin it is. However they generally do protect from hail pretty well. My roofing contractors in Denverrecommends gravel surfacing to be added to the bitumen or rubber for maximum weather protection. Gravel is very strong compared to other built up roofs. A rock will always be harder than ice. The rocks absorb the energy from the hail instead of having the fragile roofing material do the job.

Generally a well built gravel built up roof never has any problems with hail damage. Other strong roofs include metal roofs, which may dent but rarely need to be replaced. Coated acrylic foam roofs are actually some of the toughest roofing materials out there. High density foam will absorb and dissipate pretty much any hail stone. To really get a strong roof, you could substitute river rocks for gravel on any of the built up roofs. This results in a much heavier but basically impervious roof.

Cost Benefits of Solar Panels

Why is solar power so important in today’s world and how does it effect us are some vital issues to understand? The traditional energy resources are diminishing day by day, so alternative energy sources must be sought out. The sun is the best source of all energy; it is clean, clear, eco-friendly and does not emit any dangerous by-products.

The cost involved in installing a solar panel on your own roof to provide the required power is as per needs and size and starts at a few thousand pounds and goes up to tens of thousands for industrial systems. The feed-in-tariff makes it mandatory for the energy company to pay all householders producing solar power an amount per unit of electricity. This is a guaranteed payment till 2035, so if your home has solar panels you receive a payment for the next 25 years.

The average cost of the entire exercise of designing, planning and installing a 4KW panel on your roof costs about 12.000 pounds. Moreover, it has been estimated that houses enjoy an increase in property valuation by nearly 10,000 British pounds and more. Installation does not require any special permission; however, a professional installation company can look after such documentations and formalities.

There are three types of panels to choose from, so how do you choose the right one? The most expensive type is the highly efficient mono crystalline solar cells that can be easily installed in a comparatively small area. The next best one is the not-so-efficient polycrystalline solar panel cut out from a few silicon crystals. The third type is the modern amorphous solar panel which has a thin slice of amorphous silicon. This is slightly less efficient than the other two types of solar panels. Now you have to choose from these according to their outputs and your needs.

The Renewable Energy Association formed the REAL Assurance Scheme that makes an installation company legally bound to install a proper solar panel for householders and provide a life long maintenance. The power companies involved in this scheme are also officially responsible to pay the home owners for the next 25 years and more for feeding energy into the national grid.

So does it pay to invest in a solar panel of your own and pay no more energy or electricity bills? Yes it does, the average installation in Leeds is providing a return of between 7% and 10%, where the average temperature is not more than 16 degrees Celsius.

New Face of Homelessness

Darlene and Jacob. Teddy. Craig and Margie. All are the new faces of poverty. I met them working on a television story for HDNet’s World Report. The piece is about the impact of the economy on public hospitals. Many hospitals around the country like Denver Health Medical Center are giving away millions and millions of dollars in uncompensated charitable care. For DHMC it was $300 million in 2008. In 2009 the administration is expecting the number to increase to $350 million. That burden is driving many public hospitals into insolvency. The reason the numbers are so staggering is partly because of people who were getting by but now find themselves jobless and uninsured.

Six months ago Darlene and Jacob, Teddy, and Craig and Margie had jobs, homes and middle class incomes to support themselves and their families. Now two families are experiencing homelessness and the other teeters on the brink. Their falls have been fast and hard. Darlene has a college degree and worked in the mortgage industry until October. Her husband Jacob was a tree trimmer. They made over $65,000 a year and at one time lived in a five bedroom home. For months they were on the street with three children in tow. They never in their wildest dreams imagined they would be homeless. They have each other and hope. That’s about it. When they need medical attention they get by on local and state assistance programs. Private health care won’t help them. They thank God for Denver Health.

Teddy lost his job as a machine operator before Thanksgiving. This single dad is living in his father’s house now and was unable to afford his medical expenses when he recently broke two ribs. All he wants is work and being unable to support his family is making him depressed. Craig used to look at homeless people and say “get a job.” Then he lost his supervisor position at a shopping mall before Christmas. He had just returned from a training course in California. He got stiffed by his employer for the expense money. Now he sleeps under the railroad tracks and his fiancee, Margie, is in a shelter. They sell the Homeless Voice newspaper on the 16th Street Mall to survive. People walk by them as though they are invisible. Craig’s feet are covered with blisters from walking everywhere. Margie worries about Craig’s safety every time she says goodnight to him. Now when he sees worse off homeless people he takes them leftover food or a smoke. He doesn’t view them the same way.

They say many of us are one paycheck or one crisis away from homelessness. As more and more people lose their jobs, their insurance and their homes, the face of homelessness is changing. The folks at Colorado Coalition for the Homeless (www.coloradocoalition.org) say its a state of emergency. The safety net is full of holes. For Darlene, Jacob, Teddy, Craig and Margie it just sucks.

Natural Cures For Insomnia To Sleep Like A Baby

Do you toss and turn every night? Can not sleep properly and easily? You may have insomnia.

Insomnia, unbeknownst to us is due to depression or mood disorders. Popping pills may an immediate relief, however, the danger of getting reliant on sleeping pills is always there and the real cause of insomnia will not be resolved. This might make the problem even worse, insomniacs will never be able to sleep without the aid of sleeping pills, so further depression will develop. In this case, natural cures for insomnia are your best bet.

Mood is developed by the body, the body has energy flowing in it, meaning the energy influences our mood. With this in mind, making sure that the energy is being used properly is an utmost goal.

The first thing that comes to mind when talking about energy healing, is pranic healing. This natural cure for insomnia is all about life energy or "prana". This method came from the belief that our body has the power to heal itself so, healing is just being accelerated by increasing the rate of self-recovery. A "no touch" method, these works like acupuncture only no needles are needed. In this modality, the practiceer remove the barriers in the energy flow of our body and then charging the area with high frequency to allow faster healing.

Our mood is directly correlated with our heart which is the fourth chakra, according to chakra healing, another natural cure for insomnia. In this method, the heart chakra is the focus of the therapy. The healer will create a balance in the chakra by using jade, emerald or rose quartz. They may also disclose you to do yoga or meditation, which both help in balancing the energy flow in this area.

Doing healing on your own is another natural cure for insomnia. Affirmations can help remove depression and anxiety, with this, EFT or Emotional Freedom Technique can be of good use. In this healing method, you tap yourself in areas of your body while saying affirmations, positive things about yourself. EFT helps you recognize your inabilities while still telling yourself that you're valued. In this way, your body and mind develops peacefulness and gains a sense of acceptance.

All of these natural cures for insomnia involves healing the heart and making energy flow through it properly therefore, taking good care of our heart is essential in having a balanced and healthy life.

A sound sleep is a good sign of achieving that balance.

The In’s and Out’s of Breast Augmentation Plastic Surgery

Every year thousands of women decide to make a change to their bodies through plastic surgery. Each of them has their own personal reasons but they all choose to do so in hopes of bettering their appearance and their self esteem. The type of Denver plastic surgery they are choosing to get done is breast augmentation.

This procedure improves the woman’s body image, enhances their overall figure and achieves their perfect chest size. For each individual, the desired results are going to be different. Some women may only want minor alterations, while others hope to see a big change. Plus, it is important to remember that size isn’t the only reason for breast augmentation surgery; shape is a major consideration, as well.

After a consultation with a plastic surgeon, a candidate should come away with a realistic perspective on what to expect from breast implants and Colorado breast augmentation. Choosing the type of procedure and the appropriate size is all part of this consultation process.

Colorado breast augmentation is among the top Denver plastic surgery procedures for women of all ages. However, not many of these women know what the main components of the actual implant are or how the actual procedure is performed. While your plastic surgeon can a brief summary of the procedure and answer your more basic questions about the implants, there are a few important details you should probably learn about the surgery on your own.

If you or someone you know is looking for ways to improve your overall appearance, increase self-esteem or just correct a minor figure flaw, there is a strong possibility that you may be a good candidate for Colorado breast augmentation or breast enhancement procedure. There are other reasons why women pursue breast enhancement surgery such as:

o Shrinkage of the breast size after extreme weight loss

o Uneven breasts

o Loss of breasts after cancer treatment, an accident or surgery

o Balancing out body proportions

o Correcting sagging breasts

o Improving the shape and contour of the breasts after having children

The procedure itself is somewhat simple. It consists of the insertion of a silicone bag under the breast or under the breast and chest muscle. The bag is then filled with saline or salt water. This prosthesis expands the breast area, providing a fuller breast through increased cup size, giving the woman a better contour, and producing more cleavage.

Unusual Warning Signs

Warning signs are used by private companies at the workplace in order to protect the employees of potential risks. They are also used on the public roads under the form of traffic signs. A traffic warning sign indicates a hazard that may not be readily apparent ahead on the road.

As an international rule, in most countries the public roads traffic usually take the shape of an equilateral triangle with a thick red border and white background. However, from country to country both the color and thickness of the border and of the background may vary. For example, in the People’s Republic of China they appear with a yellow background and a black border.

In Greece, Iceland, Sweden, Finland, Serbia, Poland, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and the Republic of Macedonia the traffic signs have an amber background and a red border. In Svalbard, the polar bear warning sign displays a white bear on black background. Some countries such as Spain, Norway, and France have adopted an amber or orange background for construction signs or road work.

In some countries in place of the standard triangular shape, they have a diamond shape. In Mexico, Canada, the United States, Ireland, Australia, New Zealand, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Japan, and most of South America the warning signs are diamond-shaped and black on a yellow background, while temporary signs such as the construction signs are black on an orange background.

Most usually contain a symbol but they can also contain only text. In the United Stated they are based on a standard, while in Europe they are based on the Vienna Convention.

Even older than that is the usage of first roadside signs, the ancient milestones giving distance measures. In the past, prior to the 19th century, hazard warnings were rare. The occasional specimens were usually specific warning about horse-drawn vehicles backing up. More complex signage systems emerged in the 20th century, with the appearance of motorcars. As the vehicle speeds and the traffic volume increased, nighttime use capability and sign visibility gained more significance.

Modern traffic signs can indicate any potential condition, obstacle, or hazard requiring special attention. Due to necessity to comply with the European regulations, the British government will have some road signs totally redesigned or axed. Some of these in presently in place in Britain are baffling, misleading, and confusing to many motorists, while some unusual warning signs are straightly weird or funny. This is especially true if some tourists from overseas view them for the first time. Some examples are:

· “X-Box Red Ring of Death” which means that all vehicles are prohibited except pedal cycles being pushed by pedestrians.

· “I Pity the Fool!” meaning no through road for vehicular traffic.

· “Visit the mother-in-law” that really means Tourist attraction recognised by the Welsh Tourist Board.

· “Punch the bag and see what’s inside” that really means a Lane control signal.

· “Giant moles may pop up under your vehicle at any time” which really means risk of grounding at a railway.

· “Giant numbered-boxes floating in nearby lake” which really means the number of a route for pedal cycles.

· “Danger. There’s a frying pan and camping stove on the road ahead” which really means that slow-moving military vehicles are likely to be in the road or crossing.

For more funny and unusual warning signs used in private companies take a look online.

Spray Foam Roofing

Spray foam roofing is an interesting roofing material consisting of two different liquid materials that combine to form a seamless roofing material. After mixing, the foam expands over 20 times to form a complete solid roof. These roofs are popular for the speed in which they can be applied, while providing high performance water resistance and insulation.

Abbreviated SPF, spray foam roofing becomes an adhesive, that will adhere and make a roof on almost any surface except bitumen. This means concrete, cinder block, wood and metal roofs can be covered, which leads to lower costs and less roof waste. Instead of tearing off the old roof and installing a new one SPF can be installed. Spray foam also doubles as insulation further reducing a step required on roofing contractors in Denver. Once sprayed, SPF lasts around 50 years. During that time, it will need occasional maintenance in the form of cleaning and priming.

Sometimes roofing contractors in Denver add UV resistant granules to the top coat of foam to protect it from the sun. Foam is actually pretty hardy. The word foam often turns people off, but the foam is hard and durable. They handle human traffic better than asphalt roofs, but can still be damaged from limbs and tools falling on the roofing surface. However, because it is foam roofing contractors in Denver love SPF for its insulating abilities. A square foot of the substance weighs less than three pounds. This means the rest of that material is insulating air.

In warm climates especially, SPF roofing will pay for itself with reduced energy bills on cooling. Studies show that this roofing material pays for itself in 4-5 years. Some systems have even lowered energy use by 50%. When your HVAC is just replacing cool air instead of adding to it, you can never have a truly efficient system. Few other roofing systems will pay for themselves ever. For the two polymers in the foam to correctly combine, the spraying must be done right. The gun, hose and feeding systems must all operate correctly to install a 1 to 1 ratio of the polymer bases. If something goes wrong, it must be fixed immediately or the project must be stopped. It can be hard for some roofing contractors to do this because this means swallowing the costs of redoing the roof.